The following is a categorized listing of most of the main herbal sites and information resources on the World Wide Web.  It is not intended to be fully comprehensive.  Many of the sites provide hyperlinks to other related resources so that it is possible to access may more from just a few key sites.


Structured Databases-

Searchable - Non-Searchable - Glossaries
Herbal Monographs and Information Resources
Online Journals, Libraries, and Citations
Mailing Lists
Professional and Trade Associations
Related Links
Cultivation & Conservation Issues
Virtual Gardens
Education, Research & Training - Associations
Adverse Effects - Safety and Standards
Legal & Regulatory Information

Databases - Searchable:

Structured databases are available online at these WWW sites.

AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access) is a bibliographic database of citations to the agricultural literature created by the National Agricultural Library, USA 

American Indian Ethnobotany Database
Foods, drugs, dyes and Fibers of Native North American Peoples. Dr. Moerman's resource from University of Michigan

Carotenoid Database for US Foods
Collaborative effort between the USDA and the Nutrition Coordinating Center at the University of Minnesota.  Mainly pdf files.  The complete database can be downloaded.

Categorized, evidence-based resource for herbal information, with hyperlinks to clinical and scientific publications and dynamic links for automatic updating, produced by the nonprofit Alternative Medicine Foundation.

International Bibliographic Information on Dietary Supplements (IBIDS) is a database of published, international, scientific literature on dietary supplements, including vitamins, minerals, and botanicals, produced by the Office of Dietary Supplements at the National Institutes of Health.

LIGAND Database
Ligand chemical database from GenomeNet, Kyoto University.

Patents Database
The US Patent and Trademark Office full-text and full-page image database includes many entries related to botanical medicine.

Plants for a Future
From Leeds University, UK, the Species Database contains nearly  7000 plants, either edible, have medicinal properties or have some other use such as fibres, oils or soaps. Three websites for searching and downloadable version.

Poisonous Plants Informational Database
Reference resource from Cornell University that includes plant images, pictures of affected animals, presentations of the botany, chemistry, toxicology, diagnosis and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other natural flora.

National Library of Medicine's search interface to access the 10 million citations in MEDLINE, and Pre-MEDLINE, and other related databases. 

Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases
Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases, Agricultural Research Service of the US Department of Agriculture.

Tropical Plant Database
Each plant file contains taxonomy data, phytochemical and ethnobotanical data, uses in traditional medicine, and clinical research from Raintree Nutrition, Inc, Austin, Texas.


Only description and access information are provided at the WWW sites.

Bibliographic database compiled by CAB International. It covers agriculture, forestry, aspects of human health, human nutrition, animal health and the management and conservation of natural resources.

Lloyd Library and Museum
The 200,000 volume collection contains pharmacy, botany, and horticulture rare books and other collections. 

Large relational database of worldwide literature on ethnomedical, chemistry, pharmacology of plant, microbial, and animal extracts from University of Illinois.

See also the Rosenthal Center Directory of Databases for other relevant databases.



Dictionary of Botanical Epithets
Searchable glossary

Garden Gate Glossary of Botanical Names
Useful resource on primarily a gardening site. 

Ohio State University Interactive Plant List
Dictionary of plants - includes medicinal plants.

Plantas Medicinais
Alphabetical listing of medicinal plants and their characteristics.

  Go to Index 

Herbal Monographs and Information Resources

Although they are often described as databases, the following resources are primarily sets of monographs. They are all quality evaluated or compiled from a particular perspective. It is important to question the criteria underlying the collection and presentation of these resources.

Publicly available:

HerbData New Zealand
It is not clear what organization is behind the site. Seems to be mainly the work of one individual, Ivor Hughes, who has authored most of the monographs. Others are abstracted from reputable sources. Also provides list of articles, Online Campus chat room, and search capability. CD Rom sold on site .

Longwood Herbal Task Force
Monographs, patient and professional information from the faculty, staff and students of the Children's Hospital, the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences and the Dana Farber Cancer Institute. No longer maintained.

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center- Herbs, Botanicals, & Other Products
Provides information evaluated by oncologists and healthcare professionals at MSK, including a clinical summary for each agent and details about constituents, adverse effects, interactions, and potential benefits or problems. Monographs
Free service to practitioners registered with this Australian site, sponsored by Herbworx Corporation.


American Botanical Council
ABC member benefits include access to HerbClip Online, Complete German Commission E Monographs, and Clinical Guide to Herbs.

General medical information and herb monographs, aimed at licensing for commercial outlets. Advisory board and sources of information specified on web site.

UK based company provides consumer information on health, food, and lifestyle information for in-store touchscreen kiosks. States that all information is verified by compilers in peer-reviewed journals.

Herb Research Foundation
HRF provide a search service from their specialty research library containing more than 300,000 scientific articles on thousands of herbs.

Management team and advisory team specified on web site. Provides a Chinese herbal database as part of resources. Professional pharmacist and patient oriented.

Natural Medicines
Large collection of monographs aimed at medical professionals generally. Also available in book format. Editorial team listed.

Natural Standard
Monographs compiled by a multidisciplinary team. High profile advisory team. Methodology, selection criteria, and evaluation clearly described. Primarily oriented to clinicians and pharmacists.

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Online Journals, Libraries, and Citations: 

Bibliography from Bastyr University
A collection of citations from the literature on herbals from the Bastyr library.  The categorized listing is extensive and also cites the journals used for the compilation.

Cathay Herbal Library
Collection of articles on Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine for western doctors and TCM practitioners from the Cathay Herbal Laboratories Education Department.

David Winston, Herbalist AHG

Click on the Herbal Therapeutics Research Library for full text pdf files of rare and out of print manuscripts from the extensive research library.

European Phytojournal
Official newsletter of ESCOP, the European Scientific Cooperative on phytotherapy

Phytotherapy journal published by Elsevier Science for Indena, Italy, a private company specializing in botanical derivatives for the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries. Abstracts available. Click on Fitoterapia.

International Journal of pharmacognosy
Research on the bioactivity of plants and extracts from all parts of the globe.

Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Interdiscipliniary journal from Elsevier devoted to research on biological activities of plant and animal substances used in traditional medical systems.

Journal of Natural Products
Joint publication of the American Chemical Society and the American Society of Pharmacognosy, for natural product chemists,biochemists, taxonomists, ecologists, and pharmacologists.

Journal of Naturopathic Medicine
lOfficial publication of the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians.

Medical Herbalism
A full text clinical newsletter for the herbal practitioner. 

Natural Products Reports online
Published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, UK.

Pharmaceutical Biology
Formerly the International Journal of Pharmacognosy. Research on the bioactivity of plants and extracts from all parts of the globe. 

Published by Elsevier, covers research on all aspects of plant chemistry, plant biochemistry, plant molecular biology and chemical ecology.

See also the American Society of Pharmacognosy listing of related journals 

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Mailing Lists:

Instructions on how to join or leave lists are provided at the urls below.

Centre for International Ethnomedicinal Education and Research
CIEER is an international network of ethnobotanical researchers and provides a public discussion forum and listserv to exchange information on the safe and effective use of medicinal plants.

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Discussion List
Three lists are featured at this site: The Medicinal Herblist; The Culinary Herblist; and The HerbInfo-list archives. There is also a newsgroup: Alt.folklore.herbs. 

Medicinal Plants Working Group
A consortium of federal agencies and groups concerned with native plant extinction, native knowledge, and habitat resoration. Anyone can join by contacting and subscribing.

Email based, clinical practice mailing list. Free subscription required to join.   

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Professional, Membership, and Trade Associations

American Botanical Council
ABC's main mission is to educate the public on the use of herbs and phytomedicinals.  ABC publishes HerbalGram and has an extensive collection of information and research resources for members.

American Herbal Products Association
Trade Association providing information on the botanical products industry for companies and public.

American Herbalists Guild
Non-profit educational organization representing herbalists. AHG also provides a large database of certified herbalists, educational programs, and publications.

Council for Responsible Nutrition
CRN is a Washington-based trade association representing ingredient suppliers and manufacturers in the dietary supplement industry.

Herb growing and marketing network. 

Herb Research Foundation
Information resource for the worldwide use of herbs for health, environmental conservation and international development. 

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Related Links:

Alternative Nature Online Herbal
Miscellany of links and resources for herbalists. 

American Herbal Pharmacopoeia
The goal of AHP is to produce authoritative herbal monographs containing accurate, critically reviewed information on botanicals to provide guidance in the appropriate use of herbal therapeutics.
Collection of resources and links on botanicals. Features a hyper-text version of A Modern Herbal, 1931, by Mrs. M.Grieve: 

Center for Botanical Dietary Supplement Research in Women's Health
Center at University of Chicago, funded by NIH, studies botanicals with potential benefits for women's health.

Eclectic Medical Publications
Collection of books and articles by Francis Brincker and other naturopathic herbalists.

Environmental Estrogens (Phytoestrogens)
Scientific information on environmental estrogens and other hormones.

Compilations of aroma compounds sorted by their chromatographic and sensory properties - from Cornell University.

Henriette's Herbal Homepage
Collection of medicinal and culinary herb resources. 

Herbal Bookworm
Herbal book reviews by Jonathan Treasure.  Idiosyncratic and insightful.

Howie Brounstein's Home Page
Collection of sites and resources.  

Natural Products Branch
National Cancer Institute's Natural Products Branch tests and screens crude natural products for anti-cancer activity.
Categorized links to information on medicinal herbs and herbalism in the clinical setting from the journal, Medical Herbalism. 

Michael Moore's Home Page
Mounted by the Director of the Southwest School of Botanical Medicine, features a collection of publications and images. 

Michael Tierra's Planetary Herbology
Idiosyncratic, lively site to explore.

Phytochemistry of Herbs
Focuses on the phytochemistry of popular herbal medicines.
A reference resource for herbal practitioners. 

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Cultivation and Conservation Issues

Directory of forest Products, Wood Science, and Marketing
Resource compiled by Steve Shook from the University of Idaho.

Information resource for plants, environments, uses, and environmental requirements.

Herb Society of America
Membership organization, founded in 1933.  Concerned with the cultivation of herbs and the study and history of their uses, past and present.  The Society is committed global environmental protection and encourages the practice of environmentally sound horticulture.

Horizon Herbs
Source of roots and seeds for medicinal plants

Isoprene and Monoterpene Emitting Species Survey
Resource from Lancaster University, UK

Laboratory of Ethnobotany
The Ethnobotany laboratory houses extensive collections of domesticated plants from around the world as well as specimens recovered from archaeological sites.

A global network committed to the sustainable and socially equitable use of medicinal plants.

National Center for the Preservation of Medicinal Herbs
Research on conservation of at-risk botanicals

National Plant Germplasm System
NPGS is a cooperative effort by public (State and Federal) and private organizations to preserve the genetic diversity of plants.

Non-Timber Forest Products
Marketing and utilization of specialized non-timber forest products.

Non-Timber Forest Products - US
Conservation and development information on commercial, recreational, and subsistence extraction of non-timber forest products in the US.

People and Plants Online
International initiative in applied ethnobotany, focusing on the interface between people and the world of plants.  It promotes sustainable use of plant resources, and the reconciliation of conservation and development.

Plant Conservation Alliance
The PCA is a consortium of 10 federal government member agencies and over 145 non-federal Cooperators: biologists, botanists, habitat preservationists, horticulturists, resources management consultants, soil scientists, and enthusiastic supporters, working to solve the problems of native plant extinction and native habitat restoration.

PLANTLAX is a pioneering organization in Mexico with an emphasis on organic herb products under a sustainable management.

National resource from the USDA generates categorized data reports on natural resources and conservation issues.

United Plant Savers
The mission is to protect native medicinal plants of the US and Canada and their native havitat while ensuring an abundant renewable supply of medicinal plants.

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Texts and images from the Vatican Library herbal collection. 

Searchable database of over 21,000 images from University of California, Berkeley.

Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Scroll down to Michael Moore's collection of Medicinal plant images.

Rare Books from the MBG  Library
Missouri Botanical Garden rare books collection has been scanned and made available - includes medicinal plants and their uses.

Wild Herb Medicinal Flowers
Herb pictures, medicinal plans, wild flower photos and descriptions of uses in alternative medicine.

Virtual Gardens:

Missouri Botanical Garden
Bioprospecting and Dinosaur Safari. 

New York Botanical Garden
A virtual garden from the New York Botanical Garden in the Bronx. 

University of Washington
Hypertext tour of a medicinal herb garden. 

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Education, Research & Training: 

American Herbalists Guild
Continuing Education Guidelines and legislative updates for the professional herbalist. 

Association of Natural Medicine Pharmacists
Professional nonprofit association serving pharmacists and those interested in the field of natural medicines.

Bastyr University - Dept. of Botanical Medicine
Courses on medicinal use of plants, fungi and extracts for naturopathic medical students. Conducts research in botanical medicine. 

Online botany education resource from Indiana University's BioTech Project. 

Listings of herbal schools, or any school of the natural healing arts, along with further information on schools, programs, certification, careers and licensing requirements.

Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS)
Training and Career Development
List of courses that offer continuing education credits kept updated by the ODS at National Institutes of Health.
Grant and Funding Opportunities
List of NIH Centers for Dietary Supplement Research, funding and partnership opportunities.

Rocky Mountain Center for Botanical Studies
Vitalistic approach to earth-centered herbal education and conservation.

Rocky Mountain Herbal Institute
Chinese herbology education and courses.

Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center
The mission of the Tropical Agriculture Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE), Costa Rica, is the generation and dissemination of sustainable management practices for tropical ecosystems.

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Adverse Effects/ Safety and Standards:

Botanical Dermatology Database
Electronic version of book. Search on plant families or main index.

Food and Drug Administration - CAERS
The FDA, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition is developing a new system for tracking and analysing adverse event repors involving dietary supplements to replace the former contraversial Adverse Event Monitoring System. Details in this announcement.

Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System
Information resource from Agriculture and Agri-Food, Canada

Independent laboratory testing of health and nutrition products.

European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy contains the herbal adverse drug reactions database, PhytoNet.

FDA: Poisonous Plant Database (PLANTOX)
Little known resource compiled by D. Jesse Wagstaff, DVM, with plant names and citations accessable from an alphabetical listing. 

HerbMed hyperlinks to the evidence on contraindications, toxic and adverse effects, and drug/herbal interactions. 

Herbs and Pregnancy
Information on herbs helpful and counterindicated in pregnancy from 

Index of Poisons
From Mrs. M. Grieve: A Modern Herbal.

FDA Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program, serves healthcare professionals and the public by providing information on medical product safety issues including dietary supplements and medical foods.

Ohio State University - Herb and Drug Interactions
Table of possible herb-drug interactions - referenced and authored.

Adverse event reporting system maintained by the University of Exeter, UK. See also ESCOP above.

Quackwatch - The Herbal Minefield
It is always useful to know what the Quackbusters are saying about the use of medicinal herbs.

Review of Herb-Drug Interactions: Docmented and Theoretical
Review article with look up tables published in US Pharmacist.

Information resource from Cornell University. 

Toxic Plant Database
Compilation from the veterinary Medicine Library, UIUC

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Legal and Regulatory Information:

American Herbal Products Association
Information on the botanical products industry for companies and public.

Herb World News Online
Latest herb related news from the Herb Research Foundation, includes legal updates. 

Codex Alimentarius
Information on Codex Alimentarius from the USDA. 

Controversial Herbs and Natural Products
From the Herb Research Foundation Home Page  

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